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The thyroid is a small, butterfly-shaped gland located at the base of the neck. As part of the endocrine system, the thyroid produces two main hormones: thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3). These two hormones influence every single cell in your body. From how your body metabolizes fats and carbohydrates, to temperature regulation and heart rate, to the production of protein – thyroid hormones are center state.

Two primary problems can occur with your thyroid: overproduction of thyroid hormones called hyperthyroidism, including Graves’ disease, and underproduction of thyroid hormones called hypothyroidism, including Hashimoto’s disease. In most cases, thyroid problems can be well-managed when properly diagnosed and treated.

Although symptoms of thyroid disorders can be apparent, it is vital to have the hormone levels tested to ensure an accurate diagnosis. A simple blood test can check the levels of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), T3, and T4. The thyroid is regulated by another member of the endocrine system, the pituitary gland, which makes TSH to stimulate the thyroid to produce T3 and T4.

A disruption in either gland’s hormones can have a cascade effect across your entire body. By testing the levels of these three incredibly essential hormones, we can identify imbalances and treat them before they become or lead to serious medical conditions.

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